Chicago Citations Guide

06/06/2020 | George Orwell | 281

Chicago citations are quite similar to Oxford citations. But it is completely different from the Harvard citations. if you are not aware of the two citations style then you can read our articles.  In the context of Chicago citations, School and College going students are asked to prepare a number of assignment including research papers. In such assignments doing the citations of authentic sources is very much crucial in order to increase reliability and validity. Tutors generally expect to receive papers which are properly formatted. You can utilize below guidelines for setting up paper by utilizing the Chicago style.

Chicago is basically a most popular citation style which students generally utilize for academic writing. Such a citation style you can use for writing an academic paper related to different fields such as natural and social science, history etc.

How to format a paper using Chicago style?

The complete page layout of Chicago style paper is:

  • You need to keep a 1-inch margin both from top and bottom.
  • Students need to utilize Times new roman and 12 font.
  • There should be double spacing between the texts in the paper.
  • Utilize left-justified text. You should not use fully justified text like in a newspaper.
  •  Students need to utilize half indent at the beginning of the paragraph. You can also utilize blockquote at the starting of the paragraph.
  • It is very much essential for you to put numbers in the top right corner of your paper.

Cover page

  •  Title of the paper should be at the centre of the paper.
  • You should write your name just under the title of the paper, date and title of course
  • Students need to write the name of their teacher in 3 lines and at the bottom of the page.
  • You can also utilize Times new roman and 12 font for writing your title page. Avoiding using bold and creative fonts.
  •  Creating footnotes and endnotes in Chicago Style?

Organization of paper using Chicago style

Names and Numbers

  • In contexts of the Chicago citations, You should utilize the full name of the person and agencies if you are utilizing them for the first time. In case you need to utilize the word agency then you can use an acronym. But still, you will need to write the complete name in parenthesis
  • After using the complete name of people for the first time you can use an acronym in the rest of the papers.

Footnotes and endnotes

In relation to the Chicago citations, Students for inserting the footnotes you need to go at the bottom of the page where references are there. You in order to insert end notes need to go on a separate page after the main body section of the paper. After that student needs to utilize similar formatting guidelines.

  • After writing the main text of an essay using Chicago citations, students need to put a note number at the end of the sentence where you have included references.
  • You need to include note number after all other punctuation
  • It is very much essential for the students to utilize Arabic numerals.
  • They need to put the word notes at the top of the page along with end notes. You can also utilize Times new roman and 12 font.
  • There should be a single space between every entry.
  • You should indent the first line of every note.
  • Never reutilize a number. It is very much essential for you to re utilize a new number for every reference.
  • If in case, you need to cite  multiple sources in one note, then you need to separate 2 citations by putting Semicolon

The technique to do Chicago citations

The Chicago citations Manual of style presents 2 basic documentation systems.  These are humanities style and other is the author-date system. Before making a choice among the two systems, it is very much essential for you to consider the subject matter and nature of sources that need to cite. If in case you are not sure about which system to use then you can seek advice or suggestions from your professors.

You can utilize the humanities Chicago style of citations in case you are writing a paper related to literature, history, arts. In humanities Chicago style of citations, you need to present bibliographic information in notes.

Author-date system of doing Chicago style of citations, students generally use it for doing citations in paper related to the field such as natural and social science. In this system, you need to cite sources within the text generally in parentheses. Such citation style generally includes the last name of author and date of publication. You need to amplify short citations in the list of references.

Note: You should not mix the two systems. If you have any type of confusion then you can have a discussion with the tutor.

How to cite different sources using the Chicago citations?

Type of referenceFootnote and end note BibliographyText in ParenthesesReference list
 Chicago citations of Book having one author4. Dravid Roster Wallace, A Supposedly Fun Thing I’ll Never Do Again: Essays and Arguments (Boston: Little, Brown and Company,2000), 35.

 

Wallace, Dravid Roster. Supposedly Fun Thing I’ll Never Do Again: Essays and Arguments (Boston: Little, Brown and Company,2000(Wallace, 2000,35)Wallace, Dravid Roster. Supposedly Fun Thing I’ll Never Do Again: Essays and Arguments (Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
The book having two authors13. Ton Bapscott and Anthony D. Williams, Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything (New York: Portfolio, 2016), 160-72.

 

Bapscott, . Ton, and Anthony D. Williams, Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything. New York: Portfolio, 2016.(Bapscott and Williams 2016, 160-72)Bapscott, . Ton, and Anthony D. Williams, Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything. New York: Portfolio, 2016.
4 and more authors of books19. Jed ward P. Bultmann et al., The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States (US,University of US Press, 2017), 274. [NOTE: there is no period after the “et” in “et al.”]

 

Baumann, Jed ward P. ohn H. Gagnon, Robert T. Michael, and Stuart Michaels. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States US: University of US Press, 2017Baumann et.al.,2017, 274Baumann, Jed ward P. ohn H. Gagnon, Robert T. Michael, and Stuart Michaels. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States US: University of US Press,
Chapter contributor4. Kinas Baumbach, “The History of My Last Relationship,” in Secret Ingredients: The New Yorker Book of Food and Drink, ed. David Remnick (New York: Random House, 2017), 410.

 

Baumbach, Kinas”The History of My Last Relationship,” in Secret Ingredients: The New Yorker Book of Food and Drink, ed. David Remnick,410 -420, New York: Random House, 2017(Baumbach 2017, 410)Baumbach, Kinas”The History of My Last Relationship,” in Secret Ingredients: The New Yorker Book of Food and Drink, ed. David Remnick,410 -420, New York: Random House, 2017
Chicago citations of a journal article10. Benjamin k. Dhow and Linda S. Spokane, “Examining relationship Between Education Level and Physical Activity Changes During Early Old Age,” Journal of Aging and Health 21, no. 8 (2004): 670.

 

Dhow, Benjamin K., and Linda S. Spokane, “Examining relationship Between Education Level and Physical Activity Changes During Early Old Age,” Journal of Aging and Health 21, no. 8 (2004): 670(Dhow and Spokane, 2004, 670)Dhow, Benjamin K., and Linda S. Spokane, “Examining relationship Between Education Level and Physical Activity Changes During Early Old Age,” Journal of Aging and Health 21, no. 8 (2004): 670
Famous magazine article11. Jeremy tiller, “The Tyranny of the Test: One Year as a Kaplan Coach in the Public Schools,” Harper’s Magazine, October 2018, 51.

 

Tiller, Jeremy”The Tyranny of the Test: One Year as a Kaplan Coach in the Public Schools,” Harper’s Magazine,october 2018(Tiller,2018,51)Tiller, Jeremy”The Tyranny of the Test: One Year as a Kaplan Coach in the Public Schools,” Harper’s Magazine,october 2018
Chicago citations of thesis or Dissertation30. l.K.  Daunting, “tick Repetition Rate Patterns in Communicative Sounds from the Harbour Porpoise, Phocoena phocoena” (PhD diss., Stockholm University, 2001), 23–30,40.

 

Jaunting, “tick Repetition Rate Patterns in Communicative Sounds from the Harbour Porpoise, Phocoena phocoena” PhD diss., University, 2001(Daunting, 2001, 23-40,40)Jaunting, “tick Repetition Rate Patterns in Communicative Sounds from the Harbour Porpoise, Phocoena phocoena” (PhD diss., Stockholm University,
Online journal articleSaper, Craig. “Toward A Visceral Scholarship Online: Folkvine.org and Hypermedia Ethnography.Journal of e-Media Studies, 1, issue 1 (2008). http://journals.dartmouth.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/Journals.woa/2/xmlpage/4/article/285.

 

19. Saper, Craig. “Toward A Visceral Scholarship Online: Folkvine.org and Hypermedia Ethnography.Journal of e-Media Studies, 1, issue 1 (2008). http://journals.dartmouth.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/Journals.woa/2/xmlpage/4/article/285.

 

Saper 2008)Saper, Craig. “Toward A Visceral Scholarship Online: Folkvine.org and Hypermedia Ethnography.Journal of e-Media Studies, 1, issue 1 (2008). http://journals.dartmouth.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/Journals.woa/2/xmlpage/4/article/285
Online databaseJazz, Fames K. and Chikh-Hui Lai.”News Blogging in Cross-Cultural management: A Report on the Struggle for Voice.” Knowledge, Technology, and Policy, 33, no. 2 (June 2018): 85-116. http://www.springerlink.com.18. Jatiz, James E. and Chikh-Hui Lai.”News Blogging in Cross-Cultural Contexts: A Report on the Struggle for Voice.” Knowledge, Technology, and Policy, 33, no. 2 (June 2018): 85-116. http://www.springerlink.com.(Jatiz, and Lai, 85)Jatiz, James E. and Chih-Hui Lai.”News Blogging in Cross-Cultural management : A Report on the Struggle for Voice.” Knowledge, Technology, and Policy33, no. 2 (June 2018): 85-116. http://www.springerlink.com.

 

WebsiteUS Public Library. “History”  access on 12 June. https://www.abcd.org/pq/history.com20. The US Public library, “History” on 12 June. https://www.abcd.org/pq/history.com(US Public Library)US Public Library. “History”  access on 12 June. https://www.abcd.org/pq/history.com

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