Inductive & Deductive Reasoning Difference

02/11/2020 | George Orwell | 2278

Inductive and deductive are basically two research approachess. While performing the investigation it is very crucial to select the best research approach. Making the right choice of research approach is very much essential for raising the efficiency of the  Research Process.

Here we describe Inductive & Deductive Reasoning

Inductive Research: It is research that researchers use for performing qualitative research. Researchers use such a type of research approach when they have no idea about research results. You can use an inductive research approach for developing a new Hypothesis. Students, in order to generate a new theory, will require analyzing the previous hypothesis. The inductive approach begins with the observation of phenomena and theories which researcher designs after completion of the research procedure.

Inductive research will allow you to provide a justifiable reason for specific situations by providing examples of real life. In the context of inductive reasoning, before beginning the investigation you need to gather information according to the research topics or subject. You can utilize inductive research there is a lack of previous literature on a particular subject or topic.

For Examples, Suppose you have observe . hundred flights at the airport.  There was delay in all flights. After a continuous delay of all hundred flights, you still can’t state that  there will dealvy in 101 flights also.

Deductive Research: Deductive reasoning, is the approach that is supported by the basic idea for developing specific circumstances. This approach is relevant to the Positivism paradigm. While using the deductive approach in research you need to first examine the hypothesis. It is a type of research approach that researcher mainly use for performing scientific studies.

The choice of the type of research approach that you are going to select is dependent on the objective of performing an investigation on a specific topic or subject.

For example, it has been said that all man is mortal which is basically a premise

Roman is a man that is second premises
Roman is a mortal that is the conclusi on.

Difference between inductive and deductive research approach

Basis of Difference Inductive Deductive


You can utilize an inductive research approach in a situation when there no hypothesis exits to test.Students apply the deductive research is only in the case when theory exits for testing.


Formulation of new hypothesis by utilizing the information which you have collected through research.The aim of deductive reasoning is to test previous theories.


The different phases you need to undergo while using the inductive approach for investigation include
  1. Collection of facts,
  2. Observation or analysis
  3. And the formulation of hypothesis
The different stages which researcher need to undergo while applying the deductive approach to the investigation include:
  1. Formulation of theory
  2. Data analysis
  3. Determining theories supported or not.
FocusBy applying an inductive approach you can mainly concentrate on exploring new aspects of your study.The deductive approach mainly emphasizes on causality.
AdvantageOne of the main advantages of inductive research approach is that it helps you in generalizing your findings.An important benefit of the deductive research approach is that it enables you to define the causal relationships between different variables or concepts.
LimitationOne of the biggest limitations of the inductive approach is that you can prove the conclusion that you have made from the information gathered through investigation.The limitation of the deductive approach is that it can prove to be right only when all the terms are clear.
AssociationInductive research is mainly applied in qualitative research. Deductive research is mostly used in Quantitative investigation.

Difference between Inductive & Deductive

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