Inductive and deductive are basically two research approaches. While performing the investigation it is very crucial to select the best research approach. Making the right choice of research approach is very much essential for raising the efficiency of the investigation process.
Here we describe Inductive & Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Research: It is research that is generally utilized for performing qualitative research. Such a type of research approach is utilized when the investigator has no idea about results. You can use an inductive research approach for developing a new Hypothesis. You, in order to generate new theory, will require analyzing the previous hypothesis. The inductive research approach begins with the observation of phenomenon and theories are designed after completion of the investigation procedure.
Inductive research will allow you to provide the justifiable reason for specific situations by providing examples of real life. In the context of the inductive research approach, before beginning the investigation you are required to gather information according to the topic or subject. You can utilize the inductive research approach there is a lack of previous literature on a particular subject or topic.
For Examples, There are Approx. hundred flights which you have observed at the airport. All flights get delayed. After a continuous delay of all hundred flights, you still can’t state that 101 flights will also get delayed
Deductive Research: The deductive research approach, it is the approach that is supported by the basic idea for developing specific circumstances. This research approach is associated with the Positivism paradigm. While using the deductive approach in research you are required to first examine the hypothesis. It is a type of research approach which is mainly used for performing scientific studies.
For example, it has been said that all man is mortal which is basically a premise
Roman is a man that is second premises
Roman is a mortal that is the conclusi on.
Difference between inductive and deductive research approach
|Basis of Difference||Inductive||Deductive|
|Situation||The inductive approach can be utilized in a situation when there no hypothesis exits to test.||The deductive research approach is applied only in the case when theory exits for testing.|
|Aim||Formulation of new hypothesis by utilizing the information gathered through research.||Aim of the deductive research approach is to test previous theories.|
|Procedure||The different phases you are required to undergo while using the inductive approach for investigation include||The different stages which researcher need to undergo while applying the deductive approach to the investigation include:|
|Focus||By applying an inductive research approach you can mainly concentrate on exploring new aspects of your study.||Deductive research approach mainly emphasizes on causality.|
|Advantage||One of the main advantages of inductive research approach is that it helps you in generalizing your findings.||An important benefit of the deductive research approach is that it enables you to define the causal relationships between different variables or concepts.|
|Limitation||One of the biggest limitations of inductive research approach is that you can prove the conclusion that you have made from the information gathered through investigation.||The limitation of the deductive approach is that it can prove to be right only when all the terms are clear.|
|Association||Inductive research is mainly applied in qualitative research.||Deductive research is mostly used in Quantitative investigation.|