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Topic Sentences in Research Paper – Meaning, Parts, Importance, Procedure and Techniques

Student's Assignment Help 02/18/2020 71 Views

Topic sentence is basically unique sentences that act as a guideline for both reader and writer. It provides the idea of information in the content. It is the first sentence of the paragraph. The topic sentences represent the scope and objective of the paragraph.

For example: If you are writing about the pollution in a specific town or city such as the pollution in Xyz town increased due to the rise in population. The topic sentence for this Paragraph will be “pollution”.

Procedure for writing topic sentences

  • Writing a thesis statement: It is an initial phase in relation to drafting topic sentences.  At this stage, you are required to ensure that the thesis statement which you have designed is quite strong. It means that the thesis statement should represent the objective and argument in research paper.
  • Designing outline of the essay: It is a phase where you need to prepare or design the structure of your essay. In addition to this, you are required to develop a plan for all the facts that you will include in the paragraph. The topic sentences should be developed in relation to paragraphs.
  • Expanding with evidence: While writing the paragraph you need to ensure that it flows kin logical manner that is according to the topic sentence then after that there could be the expansion in points along with the evidence supporting arguments.
  • Refinement of topic sentence: Reviewing the topic sentences which you have designed is very much essential in order to make sure that  the content of the paragraph matches with the topic  sentence.

Techniques of writing topic sentences in a research paper.

Here are some techniques which you can apply for writing topic sentence these are:

  • A design statement for presenting the idea: As the topic sentence is the first sentence in a paragraph therefore, the sentence should clearly represent the information included in the paragraph. While drafting topic sentence you are required to make sure that it indicates your purpose clearly.

For instance, in a paragraph, you are describing the way globalization has influence marketing activities of companies’  for that paragraph the topic sentence should be the influence of globalization on marketing.”

  • Maintain a balance between general and specific: It means that the topic sentence which you have to design should be related to the paragraph or to the thesis statement of your research paper. The thesis statement should not be too narrow or broad.
  • Include hooks: One of the crucial roles of the topic sentence is to develop an interest in reading in the reader. In simpler words, the main function of the topic sentence is to capture the attention of the reader.
  • Write short and sweet: You should keep the topic sentence short as it is the strategy that will help you in representing your intention clearly.
  • Provide justifiable opinion: You can include your opinion as a topic sentence; you can do this in situation if you are planning to include your perspective in paragraph.
  • Utilize the topic sentence as transition: This means that you should select such a topic sentence which provides the reader idea about the information in the previous and next paragraphs.
  • If in a paragraph you are making a comparison between two things then in such case you are required to use such words which highlight the distinguishing.
  • Another situation when in a paragraph you are talking about the various aspects on a similar subject then you need to make sure that the topic sentence which you have to design provides a summary of the existing paragraph along with new information.

 Parts of topic sentences

Parts Of Topic Sentences

The three important parts of topic statement are :

  • Limited topic
  • Verb
  • Attitude, opinion or feeling

Importance of topic sentences in a research paper

  • It enables the researcher and reader to have a basic idea about the things which have been covered in a specific paragraph.
  • It also provides reader ease in addressing the important points.
  • The topic sentence in research paper is very much essential as it supports the thesis statement.
  • It also enables readers to maintain their concentration on important points.
  • A topic sentence is very much important as it helps in clarifying the objective of writing a particular paragraph in a research paper.
  • An effective topic sentence enables you to avoid miscommunication and confusion.

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