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Research Questions – Meaning, Types, Importance, Procedure and Techniques

Student's Assignment Help 02/18/2020 75 Views

After defining and writing the problem you are required to design a research question. It is basically a set of questions considering which you need to perform your investigation process.

This section in research enables you to develop an understanding of the objectives which you intend to accomplish by conducting the investigation procedure on a specific topic. Research questions are considered to be an important component of both qualitative and quantitative research.


  • Does globalization have an effect on the marketing function of the company?
  • What are the issues faced by the firm in promoting their goods or services at a global level?
  • What types of impact advertisements have on the mind of children?

Importance of research questions

  • Research questions are important as it helps you in defining the objectives which you are trying to accomplishing after completion of the investigation process.
  • Writing a research question is very much important as it helps you to remain the focus.
  • It also supports you in defining the limitations.
  • Research questions support you in making a determination of the sample you are required from the population in order to collect useful and valuable facts about the subject.
  • Effective research questions provide you with a framework that can be further utilized for assessment of work.
  • It is the research question which helps you in determining the activities that are required to be conducted for accomplishing desired objectives

Types of research questions

The different types of research questions are:

  • Descriptive: You can design such types of questions when you intend to collect an in-detail description of the situation or Phenomenon. For example: If you are conducting the investigation in order to gather information about the political party who will get the highest vote, then in such can you can include descriptive questions.
  • Relational: Inclusion of such kind of question in research is appropriate when you are performing an investigation for determining the relationship between two more variables of the study. For example, you are conducting an investigation to know the percentage of males and females who will give a vote to a specific political parties. In simple words, relational Questions can be included in the research as here you are performing research to address the relationship between voting preference and gender.
  • Causal: You can use such types of questions in research when you intend to develop an understanding of the relationship between cause and effect. In simple words, causal questions can be used when you want to analyze the effect of one variable on other. For instance, you can include causal questions in your research when you intend to identify the influence of political campaigning on the choice of voter related to giving the vote to a specific political party.

Types Of Research Questions

The technique of formulating effective research questions

While formulating the research questions the first thing you are required to consider the objective of the investigation. Another thing which you need to keep in mind is that you should have a clear idea about the answers you are expecting, another consideration which you should make are:

  • While designing the research question you should confirm that it is clear and easily understandable by people who suppose to provide answers for the same.
  • You are required to make sure that the questions which you have designed are relevant to your topic or subject.
  • Questions that you have designed are to be narrow, which means that the respondents should able to answer them in the space provided.
  • You should try to include most of the questions related to the problem.
  • While designing the questions you need to consider the time frame. In simple words, you are required to make sure that questions that you have designed are feasible, it can be answered within a specific time frame.
  • When drafting research Questions you should ensure that all the questions are linked with each other and related to the problem.
  • You are required to make sure that the research questions that you have designed are specific.
  • While you are conducting an in-depth investigation ion the topic then in such case you can use open-ended questions, as it will allow you to collect a huge volume of facts. Open-ended questions are questions where respondents can provide a detailed description. It is the open-ended questions that allow you to view different aspects of the phenomenon.
  • When you are planning to execute an investigation on a small scale then you should include close-ended questions as this strategy which helps you in getting the relevant answers. In the context of close-ended questions, respondents have to make a choice of a single option from multiple options.

Procedure for writing research questions

The process of designing the research questions include different phases these are:

  • Determining the subject of interest: It is a stage where you are required to make the choice of topic in which you are interested. At this phase, you are required to conduct the investigation on the subject or field. Brainstorming is the best technique that you can apply as this will help you in developing the idea about the issue or topic on which you can facilitate study.
  • Determination of audience: While designing questions you need to consider the nature of the audience that could be respondents or people you are trying to target.
  • Determination and evaluation of Questions: After making different consideration you need to design questions and arrange them in proper order.

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