Text can be defined as a transcribed conversation. In relation to research, the text is could be any object about which the researcher intends to provide a great description.
What is textual analysis?
Textual analysis can be referred to as a research technique which is mainly applied for making valid conclusion through interpretation and coding of messages or content. It can also consider being a methodology which is utilized by the researcher for accumulating facts about phenomenon. Subject and objective of the study help in determining the techniques to be applied for performing textual analysis. Description of content, functions, and structure of message containing text is considered to be the primary objective of textual analysis in research.
Textual analysis is also recognized to be as text mining. It can refer to a tool for machine learning which is utilized for extracting value from the text. Textual analysis can also be considered to be a procedure which includes developing understanding about picture, language, and symbols. Textual analysis is considered to be an important component of research.
For example, Data collected from the investigation conducted on the historical places might contain challenge in relation to historic places, culture, etc. Therefore, in such type of studies it is very much essential for you to develop an understanding of the social framework which effect the message present in content gathered through research.
Methods of text analysis
The two most common methodology used for analyzing text is:
1.Text classification: It is also known as text tagging. In this technique, you are required to classify the text in the pre-defined group. You can use Natural Language processing software for performing the classification of text. Natural language processing is one of the strong tools which helps which performs the analysis of text and categorizes the same into a group on the basis of content.
2.Text extraction: This is a technique of analyzing text which helps you in extracting the valuable information from the text.
Example of Textual analysis used for performing studies in culture and fields such as :
Textual analysis in relation to the investigation performed in culture or media. In such type of investigation, the objects which are considered for textual analysis include content on social media, videos all these elements are considered to be as text. While performing a task of developing a theoretical framework you are required to establish link between various elements of text along with problems in culture and politics.
In this, you can analyze the different aspects of text like :
- Target population
- Source of text
- Choice of words
- Relationship with other text