Global Sodium Consumption and Death from Cardiovascular Causes

Global Sodium Consumption and Death from Cardiovascular Causes


The presented research article is aimed to articulate the negative impacts of a high degree of sodium intake at the al level. The research undertaken in the article quests for revealing risk factors for cardiovascular disease due to heavy intake of sodium by the al population. In addition to this research study also aims to reveal the dose-response relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure with the help of Meta-analysis.

Description of Methods

To accomplish the research objectives, a survey regarding the ary excretion diet of the t person from 66 countries has been taken into account. To retrieve some crucial assumptions from the data collected, a ta-analysis of 107 different intervention trails done on a randomized basis. In the Meta-analysis of the rt, the ct of blood pressure over cardiovascular mortality has been revealed. In addition to this, the narrative risk assessment method has also been used in the work to reveal the impact of existing sodium intake on the vascular functions of man beings. In this regard, intake of 2.0 g. of sodium has been taken into account as a ference dose for the trial undertaken for the research process. In this way, it can be stated that the researcher has undertaken different scientific and validate methods to accomplish different research objectives.

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Description of Results

Researchers have found that in the year 2010, the consumption of sodium was 3.95g per day. The regional mean for this observation was ranged from 2.18 to 5.51 gram per day. In addition to this, in that year about 1.65 million annual deaths due to cardiovascular diseases have been registered. These all the disease was due to the intake of sodium above the pre-decided reference level. It has also been reflected that in low and middle-income countries 84.3% of deaths were registered due to cardiovascular disease. Among total cardiovascular deaths across the world, 61.9% were males while 38.1% were female. In addition to this, the results of the l have also reflected that the level of the e reference level sodium intake was highest in rgia and lowest in Kenya.

Critical Analysis

The methods used by the author in the research work are quite practical and scientific. However, no scope of undertaking different kinds of literature has been considered in the research work. Practical trials are effective for providing an ear status of the problem and analysis, but this method does not elaborate on the theoretical validity of the context and results. In this regard, the research work can be proved more effective if some literature review would have been included in the work. In addition to this, the scope of the research process undertaken is quite vast as observations are taken from 66 different countries. Although the research observations considered in the work are quite comprehensive, yet from the perspective of time and efforts of research the large sample size cannot be considered effective. In this way, the research should try to take afferent number of samples from a limited number of countries from different income groups. In this way, it can be analyzed critically that there are some factors in the paper, which can be improved in similar types of research work in there.


Mozaffarian, D., Fahimi, S., Singh, G.M. Micha, R., Khatibzadeh, S., Engell, R.E. Lim, R.
Danaei, G., Ezzati, M., nd Powles, J. 2014. Global Sodium Consumption and Death from Cardiovascular Causes.
The New England Journal of Medicine 317(7), pp 624-634.