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How To Write An Introduction – Formal First Impression Instructions With Examples

Student's Assignment Help 08/07/2019 479 Views

You’re Probably Doing Your Introductions Wrong – Know What Introduction Actually Is!

An introduction is also named as an introductory paragraph. We define the introduction as the beginning of any article. Be it an assignment such as essay, dissertation, book, research paper, etc, introduction always represents the starting section or paragraph that describes the aim behind writing the whole article or we can say the purpose of the essay writing. It is the foremost paragraph of the article which is taken as the gateway to getting an understanding and purpose of the whole article. It may be a probability of writing wrong introduction because most of the students don’t know how to write an introduction.

The Introductory Part Is Directly Proportional To Reader’s Attention

Introduction plays an important role to attract or repel the audience. It is the introduction that decides whether the audience will read the whole content or not. They get general information or background information about the topic. The introduction also consists of the thesis statement that is considered as the heart of the whole content and gives you the general information that what is going to be discussed in the whole content. In accordance with different views, the thesis statement can lie either at the start or end on the introduction.

If we consider technical writing, the introduction must consist of a subsection like:

  1. Abstract or summary
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. Preface
  4. Foreword

If following the normal structure, main body, and conclusion comes after the introduction

      Elements Of An Introduction:

Sequentially an introduction consists of a hook or attention grabber, background information, connect and thesis statement.

1.Hook: It is the introductory or prior sentence of the introduction. The hook is also termed as an attention grabber. With the name, it is clear that the hook aims to catch readers or grab more and more attention from the audience. Hook sentence should be very innovative and easy to read so that it can give the reader a reason to read the whole content.

Good Hook May Be Either

  • A) A good quote
  • B) An event
  • C) Good verse
  • D) Anecdote
  • E) A good incident

2.Background information: It holds the largest space of an introduction. It places in an introduction after hook statement. The number of sentences coming under background information varies according to the length of the essay. The aim of writing background information tells the reader about the content’s background so that the reader get the knowledge about what is coming next in the path of whole content reading and inspires them to read till the end.

3. Connect: Connect consists of few words or we can say a short connecting sentence between background information and thesis statement. It is used as a connector that makes a link background information and thesis statement. It is generally used in the long essays and avoided in the short essays. A connect normally starts with a transition.

4.Thesis statement: It is considered as the heart or main idea of the essay. It places after the connect sentence in an article. As the thesis statement is the central point of the essay, so in its absence essay doesn’t come in the category of good writing. The length of the thesis statement also varies according to the size of the essay. If you are writing a five-paragraph essay, then the thesis statement should be of one sentence including three points of evidence.

Similarly, if you writing longer essays then you can include two or more sentences and each sentence should include two or more evidence and counterargument. The evidence should be discussed in detail in the body paragraph.

Variety Of Introductory Part (Paragraph):

The introduction could be divided into two types according to general practice:

  1. Direct introduction: In which the background information is written after the thesis statement.
  2. Indirect introduction: In which the background information comes prior to the thesis statement.

For a valuable essay, it is always preferable to write an indirect introduction.

The Main Purpose Of The Introduction

The main idea behind writing an introduction is to give the reader an idea about what he or she is going to read. An introduction is divided into four parts, each of which has a specific function to make it a well-organized piece of copy and grab the attention of readers.

  1. Hook-Purpose of the hook is to grab more and more reader’s attention.
  2. Background Information-Background information defines the main idea behind the topic that will be discussed in a paragraph in detail.
  3. Connect-Connect is the conjunction statement between background information and thesis statement.
  4. Thesis Statement-A thesis statement is the heart of the essay that describes what is coming next in the path of essay writing.

Where Should Be Introduction Place?

Here we will discuss the best position to place an introduction in any form of assignment writing. As we have already discussed that the introduction is the introductory paragraph of the essay that means it always should be placed at the beginning of the article. It should be considered as the gateway that should be necessarily passed to go through the whole content.

A good introduction is one that hooks more and more readers and makes them read the whole content.

 Step By Step Process To Write An Effective Introduction

  Step 1. Hooking Up The Readers

  • Be familiar with your target audience: The main purpose of writing an introduction is to grab more reader’s interest. And if you don’t about your target audience, you can’t make the introduction intriguing for them. If you are writing an assignment for your class, then your target audience is not simply your teacher or professor but also the students of the class.
    Only considering the teacher in mind while writing can lead you to the paper that is not fascinating for the students. If you are writing an article related to the health issue, then you should consider the people, gender, and age mostly suffering from that particular health issue and write accordingly.
  • Use the element of surprise: If at the introductory sentences, readers will come to know something interesting and something they are not aware of, then it will be helpful for them to connect with the whole content. To come up with the hooking sentences, it is required to add all the surprising factors.       If you are getting confused about it, it’s better to try it first on your friend or relatives. You will get the understanding of the quality of your writing by their reactions. Use proper facts or statistics that present to the audience the importance of the topic. It is an important element to grab the audience attention.
  • Tug at your reader’s heartstrings: It is beneficial if the reader can connect with the topic emotionally or can touch their heart. Make use of the hook to help your reader emotionally involved with the story of your title. For this, you can include an emotional story related top it or a tragedy that makes the reader get emotionally or heartily connected with your title. For example, if you are writing an essay related to the changes that should come in the condition of women. You can take the example of a woman who had struggled a lot throughout her life but never gets appreciated in the world of men.
  • Offer a relevant example or anecdote: Sometimes, while doing the research for your topic, you might find some fascinating anecdote that is not suitable for the body of the essay. And this can be best used as a hook statement. For example, if you’re writing an essay about a public figure, you might include an anecdote about an odd personal habit that cleverly relates back to your thesis statement. Particularly with less formal papers or personal essays, humorous anecdotes can be particularly effective hooks.
  • Ask a thought-provoking question: It is also important to draw the user’s attention and make them think about your article. While engaging in a persuasive essay, putting a suitable question can help the reader’s engaged and thinks about your article and tries to find out the answer. For e.g.: What it would be if you are allowed to bring a change in the society or nation? The question must make the reader think and imagine them in that particular situation.
  • Avoid clichés and generalizations: It never helps to use clichés and generalizations in your essay, even if they are used for contrasting your points. Sometimes, it results in making your image of a sluggish writer. They might alienate the readers from the beginning presenting them the wrong interpretation.

Step 2.Creation Of The Content:

  • Make relation of the hook to the larger topic: This part of the introduction depicts the connection of the hook with the whole of the essay. You can describe the importance of hook by beginning with a broader scope. The transitional words or phrase such as however or similarly can prove to have a broader scope. If you depict the story using one person but your essay demands for more. You can make the hook relation to the broader scope saying as he was affected by the flood, similarly, there were more people there who got baldy affected.
  • Give all the relevant background information: It is beneficial to make the readers understand the main argument and what is the importance of reading the whole document for them. For example, if your thesis relates to how blackface was used as a means of enforcing racial segregation, your introduction would describe what blackface performances were, and where and when they occurred. If you are writing an argumentative paper, make sure to explain both sides of the argument in a neutral or objective manner.
  • Define key terms to describe the aim of your essay: In the introduction part, interpretation of the key term could be done in many ways related to the context of your essay. If the essay is related to a scientific topic, then definitions hold a major place as not everyone could understand the scientific terminology. Defining key terms are also important for legal or political essays as there are different meanings related to a single term in that particular context.
  • Move from general to specific: The structure of the introduction mainly depends on the upside-down pyramid. Starting with the hook statement, an introduction aims at defining the thesis at a broader extent. Every sentence should be more specific than the previous one. For example, while writing an essay on laws related to drunk driving, begin with an anecdote for a particular person who is a victim of that case. Then proceed with national statistics and move further with statistics related to particular gender or age group.

            Step 3.Presentation Of The Thesis

  • Make your point: Make aware your readers the point of your essay after setting up the context. A thesis statement could be used to directly present your exceptional points. Always show your confidence in your writing. Use assertive sentences. The outline of the essay should be distinctive, verifiable and precise. Make points in support that your thesis statement is true.
  • Give a description of how you will prove your point: Give your readers a basic direction about what you are going to discuss in your essay. Mostly it takes only one sentence for this purpose. Explain how and why your thesis is true. For example, instead of saying, “Phones should be banned from classrooms because they distract students, promote cheating, and make too much noise,” you might say “Phones should be banned from classrooms because they act as an obstacle to learning.”
  • Transition smoothly into the body of your essay: Many times, we directly move towards the paragraph of the essay from the introduction. But sometimes there is a need for a short transitional sentence at the need of the introduction to connect with the rest of the essay. To assure about the flow of the essay, loudly read the introduction and first paragraph. If you don’t find it smooth, use a transition sentence to work it out. You can also ask your friends or relatives to read the essay and suggest if there is a need for a transition statement and work accordingly.

Step 4.Bringing It All Together

  • Go through the essays written by other writers in your discipline: A good introduction mostly depends on the subject matter, as a particular introduction can be appropriate for one discipline and can’t fit another discipline. It will be helpful to take suggestions from the well-arranged essays written by other writers. Mark the conventions frequently used by the writers in that particular discipline. Prepare a short outline of the essay by using the information presented in the introduction.
  • Keep your introduction short and simple: The normal length of an introduction varies from 5 to 10 per cent of the total length of the article. For example, if your paper is of 10 pages, the introduction consists of nearly 2 pages. For articles of short length, the introduction consists of 1 paragraph i.e. between 100 to 200 words. The size of the introduction may change according to the genre of your article.
  • Write the introduction after writing the essay: It is beneficial to write the body paragraph first and then go back to the introduction. It becomes more easy to write a summary after writing the whole content. While writing your introduction, you may come through such things and important points that you want to include in your introduction.
  • Revision of introduction is important to make it fit for your essay: After giving all the final touch to your introduction, it is necessary to read twice or thrice to get the surety of its accuracy. Reading helps to make it more flawless and relevant. Remove all the flaws and use of unnecessary language, if any. As the introduction should be short and sweet, each and every sentence should have something for the reader and should add up to reader understands.

Effective structure of introduction is important: The structure of introduction for all types of assignments is normally the same for any academic discipline. Regardless of its length, it conveys sufficient information. The two sentences of starting are considered as hook aims to hold the reader’s attention and make the essay fascinating for them. The next pair of sentences are used to make a connection between the hook and the other part of the essay. The end part of the introduction should carry a thesis statement and points that support that your thesis statement is true.

Tips To Write An Introduction In A More Effective Way For Students

The introduction is the most important section of any type of assignment writing. This is the portion in which the reader understands the importance of the topic and gets to know what they are going to study in the whole article. It also gives the relevant background information of the whole article and what is going to be discussed in the paragraphs.

An effective introduction writing needs supreme delicacy. The writers generally prefer to write it at the end so that no important point gets missed. There are three essential tips that need to be considered to write an effective introduction:

  • Mark the context of your article and explain its importance and need for the writer: The writer should begin the writing process by including all the common information collected by their researches and studies. It is essential to describe the importance of the article in front of the readers. The writer should use their knowledge and researches to put all the necessary and relevant information in the introduction. The main purpose of the introduction is to grab the interest of the readers with its effectiveness.
  • All the information included should be very relevant with up to date information and the points should be included to support the arguments. The information should be precise but should have the power to appeal to a wide range of audience and describes the need to read it wholly. Always remember to avoid including unnecessary and irrelevant information and include only those information that is helpful to explain the importance of the article in front of the reader.
  • Phrases such as ‘currently’, ‘since the last 10 years ‘can be used to represent time context.
  • The writer should explain the issue as effectively as he or she can. Firstly there is a need to explain the latest situation of the issue and then describe what changes could be achieved. To generate the connection between latest and to be achieved situation, ‘but’, however’ kind of words can be used. The most effective way is to use only one sentence to describe the purpose and what should be done to bring changes or solve the issue. To explain the writer’s contribution towards research and study, verbs such as analyze, measure, investigate, etc can be used.
  • An effective introduction also helps the reader to make an image of the organization of the whole article and they start their imagination about the content.
  • Always make use of the correct tense and tone: Always formal tone should be used to write an introduction. For stating a universal truth or any fact or lasting circumstances, always present simple tense should be used. In contrast, for defining transitory circumstances, past simple tense should be used along with the proper reference.

For presenting a problem or issue that is avoided totally and need to look out and solved, present perfect tense should be used.

  • Stay arranged and organized: Normally paragraphs lying between one to four are suitable to include in an introduction. But to describe the more detailed concepts, adding extra paragraph named as ‘background information’ or anything else similar can be used.

An effective sentence always has a logical meaning. The references that are presented in the introduction should have the power to make the reader understand that what makes the writer to go for that particular research. For this purpose, chronological approaches, general to specific descriptions can be used to make it more effective.

To clear the purpose of the introduction and make it more understandable for the readers, it is subdivided into four groups:

1. Describe the significance of the topic.

2. State all the latest or prior research about that particular issue.

3. Identification of the issue and the method that should be adopted to cope up with the issue.

4. Illustrate the paper glance.

How to write an Introductory Paragraph of an Essay

An introduction to an essay means you are introducing a complete overview or gateway to the rest of the essay. Introduction of an essay is a starting paragraph that prepares a framework for the whole essay and an overview to the reader that what they are going to read. The purpose of an effective essay introduction is to make the reader engaged in the reading work from the starting sentence of the introduction.

      There are certain tips that should be followed to write an introduction to the essay:   

  1. Research well and analyze your researches concisely before writing the perfect essay introduction.
  2. Always be clear with your purpose.
  3. Always prepare a note of all the relevant information to be included in the introduction before writing, so that it will be easy to write.

3 steps to writing an effective essay introduction:

  1. The first step is to grab the reader’s attention and make the introduction fascinating for them. For this purpose, always begin the introduction with some unique and enthralling sentences. Always present a question in front of the reader to make them engaged and think about the situation and its solution.
  2. The second step is to take into account the essay format of the paper. It is necessary to stay attentive with the tone of the paper and always use formal language. The informal style is only accepted if it is asked by your professor.
  3. Always keep the introduction of your essay short and mindful. Avoid using long sentences and irrelevant information.

Now get an understanding of how to begin writing of an essay introduction:

  • This is the most typical question, everyone has to keep in their mind for all types of essays that how to start the introduction of an essay. So here are few tips for this:
  • Always try to begin the introduction with a question.
  • Include the information that makes the reader engaged in the reading.
  • Remember to be personal.
  • Do repetition of the topic explanation.
  • Our essay writing guide given by helps students to write a more effective essay.

How to write Introduction paragraph for Research Paper :

  • The introduction of the starting paragraph of the research paper. Here all the relevant information along with definitions and notions could be included.
  • Writing a research paper introduction is a very tricky process. It should be perfect to make the reader understand the purpose of it. The introduction should depict all the background information on the whole research paper. The introduction should be written in a manner to give the reader an understanding of what they are going to read and is it fascinating for them or not.
  • The starting of the research paper should always be interesting and should have the power to engage the readers throughout the reading process. Here I think we get to know that introduction is the most crucial part of the research paper.

Now let’s see what should be included in the introduction of a research paper:

  • Make a set up for the introduction of your topic.
  • Craft the background information and context of the topic.
  • Explain all your research planning to the reader.
  • Explain your motivation.
  • Depict the significance of your research paper.
  • Depict the suggestions and hypothesis.
  • Give a conclusion to the introduction of a research paper outline.

Tips for the Singapore students to write an introduction for the research paper:

  • Introduce and explicate all the concepts of the topic.
  • Begin with the quotation to grab the reader’s attention.
  • Communicate and prepare a proper introduction for research paper.
  • To come up with an effective introduction for a research paper, it is beneficial to write other parts of the research paper first and then write the introduction. With this, you will get the idea about what to include in the introduction and what should be the word count for the introduction. You can also use our research paper writing guide for more detail.

How to write an Introductory Part Of Dissertation Writing:

The introduction is the starting chapter of the dissertation or thesis. The introduction should be written following the tale of contents. Keep the purpose of the dissertation clear in the introduction. It is necessary to give the dissertation a sturdy starting.

An introduction of a dissertation should include the following:

  • Topic and perspective of the dissertation to increase the reader’s understanding of the particular dissertation topic. The dissertation topic should be introduced in the introduction by including all the relevant background information. It is necessary to describe the importance of the topic.
  • Focus and extent of the dissertation topic. Now it’s time to define the purpose of and scope of your research done for the dissertation. Explain precisely the area of your research, time is taken to complete your research work, the communities or demographics involved in your research process, themes or facts of your dissertation.
  • Consequence and significance of your dissertation writing. Here describe the practical or theatrical issue that is going to be discussed in the dissertation, ho your dissertation introduces a new description o the topic.
  • Questions and purpose of the research and dissertation. It is necessary to make the reader think about the whole topic and develop an expectation of what is going to be discussed in the other parts of the dissertation paper.
  • Overall overview of the dissertation. Conclude the introduction of the dissertation by giving an overview of the format or structure of the dissertation. Write a brief description and purpose of each chapter of the dissertation. Normally approx one or two sentences are used to give a summary for each chapter.
  • Dissertation or thesis writing guide by Students assignment help is proved more beneficial for the students of Singapore.
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